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Guillain Barré syndrome

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Versione in italiano

WHAT IS
Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare disease that affects the nerves, preventing them to carry the electrical pulses to the muscles. It is an autoimmune disease, in which the aberrant activation of our own immune system against the sheath that surrounds the nerves or the axons causes the damage. It is an acquired disease and it happens after a viral or bacterial infection in 2/3 of cases. in 20 % of cases this polyradiculopathy doesn’t have a full recovery but leaves sensory and motor impairment with a reduction of patient independence. These patients have a chronic Guillain Barré.

HOW DO WE RECOGNIZE IT 
The chronic GBS is the sequence of acute GBS. So patients affected of chronic GBS had in their medical history an acute GBS. They hadn’t a complete recovery but they had some motor and / or sensory residual impairment. Neurological examination and EMG study are the tools for chronic GBS diagnosis.

HOW DO WE TREAT IT
The main therapeutic approach is physiotherapy in order to improve muscle bulk and strength and to prevent tendon retractions.

WHAT DO WE DO IN OSPEDALE SAN RAFFAELE
Through a detailed neurological and neurophysiological evaluation, we can get a precise diagnosis and establish the appropriate treatment.


REFERRING DOCTORS for this desease
at Ospedale San Raffaele

Ospedale San Raffaele - Milano, via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milano, Italia - Tel. 02 26 431
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